Helsinki, Finland Walking Downtown in the Heat of the Day
Greetings voyager, welcome to Helsinki Finland.
You’re watching Episode 3 and final part (3/3) in Helsinki City.
If you’re interested to watch the first 2 episodes, please see the description below. (or the comments)
Helsinki is the Capital of Finland and the centre of the Helsinki Region, a functional urban region of about 1,48 million inhabitants and 767.000 jobs.
The population of Helsinki is becoming more international by the year. Over 15% of the population speaks a language other than Finnish or Swedish as their mother tongue.
A total population of 653.835 with 52.5% female and 47.5% male and about 78.2% are Finnish speakers with a mere 5.2% speaking Swedish.
The town of Helsinki was founded by King Gustavus Vasa of Sweden (which Finland belonged to for many centuries) as a new trading post in southern Finland and a competitor to Tallinn in Estonia.
The King then ordered the burghers of Rauma, Ulvila, Porvoo and Tammisaari to move to Helsinki; the date on which this order was issued, 12.6.1550
Due to the wars in Russia, the Baltic countries and Germany, Helsinki was nevertheless a strategic military centre, a point of embarkation for troops and a winter haven for the navy.
Russia’s growing power in the 18th century and the founding of its new capital, St. Petersburg, not far from the Finnish border in 1703 were to have a decisive influence on the growth and future of the Finnish capital.
The century was, however, one of great hardship for Finland and Helsinki, which suffered gravely from war, plague and hunger. The Russians occupied Helsinki during the Great Hate of 1713-21 and again in 1742. Sweden lost its status as a superpower.
In 1808 Sweden was forced to declare war on Russia as a result of the power politics of Napoleon and tsar Alexander I.
Finland was annexed to Russia as an Autonomous Grand Duchy in 1809.
The war was a major turning point. Helsinki was proclaimed the Finnish capital in 1812.
Devastated by fire, the town was completely rebuilt in a style worthy of a capital.
Finland declared its independence in 1917 and became a member of the European Union in 1995.
Thank you for wanting to learn more about Helsinki. Have a great walk and rest of your day!
Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)